Breast cancer affected my family closely when my grandmother was diagnosed with it, with her we went through all stages: surgery, chemotherapy, hair loss, etc. I was always impressed by her attitude, her strength and her positivity to deal with it, and she says that was what made the difference. With her I was able to understand how powerful a woman really is, I understood why they call you a warrior when you face this disease.
It also opened the eyes to all the women in the family, and helped us understand the importance of prevention. Not only in having healthy habits but in ensuring that we don't miss our gynecological check-ups, and the importance of the breast self-exam.
In honor of the pink month, Breast Cancer Awareness Month, I invited my friend, Dr. Rosina Arimesndi to talk more about the subject.
Which are the risk factors?
R: There are factor that are not modifiable:
Be over 50 years old
Genetic mutations Brca1 brca2
Early onset of menstruation, before 12 years old
Menopause after 55
Dense breast tissue
And some that can be modified:
Overweight and obesity.
Pregnancy after 30 years old.
Alcohol and tobacco consumption.
R: Maintain a healthy weight.
Is there an age limit?
R: There is no age limit, however most cases are diagnosed after 50.
What are the symptoms?
R: Lump in the breast or armpit
Irritation or sinking of the breast
Redness or peeling
When to consult the doctor?
R: As soon as you see or feel some of the symptoms.
"Good" foods for such patients or for prevention
According to a recent study conducted at the University of Navarra, researchers managed to detect some foods that help lowering the risk of suffering from this disease in the postmenopausal stage, where it tends to be more frequent.
These foods are:
Olive oil (no more than 4 tablespoons per day)
Vegetables include: cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, carrot, lettuce, tomato, pumpkin and potato.
Curcuma: it is anti-inflammatory (inflammatory processes favor the proliferation of malignant cells).
Nuts: for its content of folic acid and vitamin B6. It is recommended to consume 25gr a day.
Legumes: provide fiber and also reduces intestinal glucose absorption and prevents blood sugar spikes.
Fruits: apple, pear, apricot, peach, strawberries, cherries
Yogurt: due to its content in probiotics that activate the immune system and exert a protective effect.
What options do I have to preserve fertility if you are diagnosed with cancer before being a mother? How effective are these options?
R: In terms of fertility, the most recommended is the cryopreservation of the ovules removed before starting cancer treatment.